Were the Ghassanids sovereign?

For lack of comprehensive knowledge of the Byzantine and Ghassanid history some historians create confusion about the actual role of the Ghassanids and their alliance with Byzantium. They pejoratively call Ghassan “client-state” or “vassal” without even explaining what that really meant in the context of 6th and 7th century. The scholar Irfan Shahid made a … Continue reading Were the Ghassanids sovereign?